In Germany, almost 70 percent of the energy used in industry is spent on thermal processes. Especially with regard to energy efficiency, CO2 reduction and resource conservation, complex questions must be answered. This almost always involves interactions – for example between temperature, time and gas atmosphere – and what influence these have on product properties and manufacturing processes. The “Thermal Analysis and Thermophysics” working group at Fraunhofer IKTS has been investigating thermal processes for 30 years. Since then, a lot has also happened in the laboratories: The simple measuring instruments with analog data output for thermoanalytical and thermophysical parameters have been replaced by modern, digital equipment. In the course of digitization, data is increasingly being coupled and made usable for modeling thermal processes and component properties.