Contributing to energy generation
Increasing the efficiency of future power stations run at temperatures > 1400 °C
- High creep resistance at high temperature, and
- sufficient "damage tolerance" (stress relaxation) underconditions of thermal shock
1. Conversion of commercial fibers with sub-µm microstructure into highly creep resistant components by re-crystallization
|Microstructures of Al2O3 fibers: original (commercial) state and after re-crystallization at 1750°C/Ar.|
(composites with mullite or Al2O3 matrix; fiber content ~ 40 vol-%):
2. Tailoring damage tolerance by tuning the fiber/matrix interface strength from "week" to "strong"
|Mullite matrix sintered 1400 °C (P=35 %).||Al2O3/mullite matrix sintered 1600 °C (P=22 %).||reference: TiAl - applicable up to ~ 800...900 °C only|
Ease of OCMC manufacture
|(a)||Using commercial ("affordable“) bundles of easily processable polycrystalline fibers with subsequent re-crystallization, or|
|(b)||Separate fiber re-crystallization (cooperation: ISC Wuerzburg) followed by shaping of composites|
|-->||Creep resistance similar single-crystal fibers without associated technological restrictions|
Tube demonstrator, Al2O3, Ø 40 mm x 70 mm.