A human bone consists of a dense and firm outer sheath (substantia corticalis) and an inner porous filling (substantia spongiosa). In order to be able to simulate such different bone structures in the future, IKTS has developed special ceramic materials and intelligently linked two technologies: the patient-specific, solid outer shell of the bone comes from the 3D printer. The spongy inner bone structure is simulated by a ceramic foam. The ceramic implants developed at Fraunhofer IKTS could thus be a promising solution for reconstructive surgery in the future, for example in the case of bone cancer patients or in the area of the mouth, jaw and face.
At IKTS, ceramic microreactors are realized by additive processes. Existing R&D efforts failed due to the microstructuring of channels and their necessary seal within the reactor module. With this customized additive manufacturing route these obstacles can be circumvented. The pharmaceutical industry benefits from optimized microreactors made of corrosion, temperature and chemically resistant ceramics with previously unattained three-dimensional reaction spaces.